2013年3月31日 星期日

Two Hundred Years of Abraham Lincoln @smithsonianmag



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Absence of Malice

In a new book, Historian Ronald C. White, Jr., explains why Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, given just weeks before he died, was his greatest speech

  • By Ronald C. White, Jr.
  • Smithsonian magazine, April 2002, Subscribe
Lincolns second inauguration speech
President Abraham Lincoln delivering his second inauguration speech. (Library of Congress)

"For too long," says Ronald C. White, Jr., "Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address has lived under the shadow of the Gettysburg Address. And yet Lincoln thought this was his best effort." White does too. In his new book, San Francisco Theological Seminary sees the speech as key to understanding Lincoln’s greatness.
White’s fascination with the 16th President was sparked at a 1993 seminar. "He was the average American, with only one year of education, a man who was really quite ugly in a certain sense—could he ever have campaigned today?—tall, awkward, gawky, clothes ill-fitting, with a tenor voice, almost a falsetto, and yet he was a huge man for his day, 6 feet 4 inches tall. Everything about him was against his being a powerful speaker. But once he began to speak, what people sensed was his integrity. He was not playing a role. And the audience of that day picked it up." More than 130 years after Lincoln’s assassination, that quality still moves people powerfully. "He had the knack of asking these simple but very profound questions. In every crisis, whether it’s September 11 or World War II, it is amazing how people return to Lincoln."
By March 1865 (until 1937, Presidents were generally inaugurated in March), America had been flayed by four years of a war that had lasted longer than anyone thought it would, but whose end, at last, seemed in sight. Not since Andrew Jackson, 32 years before, had any President been elected for a second term, and, says White, "there had been no expectation of it. There had been a series of one-term Presidents with not much to commend them." Nor did those gathered to hear Lincoln that rainy day—fans and detractors, newspaper reporters, Confederate deserters, black troops, plainclothes detectives fearful that Lincoln was going to be abducted—expect the 703-word speech the President delivered. What they heard was neither a recitation of achievement nor a statement of policy, but a sermon in which, White says, "Lincoln would ask his audience to think with him about the cause and meaning of the war."
In the six-minute address, Lincoln used repetition and alliteration to give his sentences a cadence White likens to poetry. Five hundred of the words are of a single syllable, "but that doesn’t mean it’s simple." An understated sentence such as "And the war came," says White, lifts the conflict from human event to something with a life of its own "independent of Presidents, generals and soldiers."
Now inscribed on the limestone walls of the Lincoln Memorial, the Second Inaugural Address can be understood, White believes, as a "culmination of Lincoln’s own struggle over the meaning of America, the meaning of the war, and his own struggle with slavery."
And, he adds, as a blueprint for tolerance. "Lincoln hoped that this speech was laying the groundwork for a reconstruction of compassion and reconciliation."

Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/malice.html#ixzz2P6QsHL9e
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《林肯選集2次就職演說 1865.3.4 (Abraham Lincoln: LETTERS AND ADDRESSES  ) 朱曾汶譯,北京 :商務,2010,頁307-09
Abraham Lincoln assassination at Fords Theatre

Lincoln's Missing Bodyguard

The night of the assassination, Lincoln's bodyguard snuck off to drink in the same saloon as John Wilkes Booth
By Paul Martin
Lincoln Memorial

Lincoln's Contested Legacy

Great Emancipator or unreconstructed racist? Defender of civil liberties or subverter of the Constitution? Each generation evokes a different Lincoln. But who was he?
By Philip B. Kunhardt III
President Lincoln with officers at the Battle of Antietam

Lincoln as Commander in Chief

A self-taught strategist with no combat experience, Abraham Lincoln saw the path to victory more clearly than his generals
By James M. McPherson
Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg

Gettysburg Address Displayed at Smithsonian

Lincoln's timeless speech during the Civil War endures as a national treasure
By Owen Edwards
Lincoln Gettysburg Address

Abraham Lincoln: a Man of His Words

Ted Sorensen finds that of all the U.S. presidents, Lincoln had the best speechwriter—himself
By Theodore C. Sorensen
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The Debates that Ignited Lincoln’s Rise to Fame

Abraham Lincoln's debates with Stephen A. Douglas for the U.S. Senate in 1858 turned the backwoods rail-splitter into presidential timber
By Fergus M. Bordewich
Lincoln-Douglas debate

Letters Between Lincoln and Douglas Reveal Debate Negotiations

Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas engaged in pre-debate negotiations in 1858
By Smithsonian.com
Abraham Lincoln

A Presidential Inventor

In 1849, Lincoln patented an ingenious addition to transportation technology, a floatation system for riverboats
By Owen Edwards

Mr. Lincoln's Washington

The house where the conspirators hatched their heinous plot now serves sushi, and the yard where they were hanged is a tennis court.
By Christopher Buckley
Reading of Emancipation Proclamation

Freeing the Slaves and Saving a Nation

As his army faltered and his cabinet bickered, Abraham Lincoln determined that "we must free the slaves or be ourselves subdued." In 1862, he finally got his chance
By Doris Kearns Goodwin
Presidential parade

Musical Mudslinging on the Campaign Trail

Before TV came on the scene, presidential candidates relied on campaign songs for negative advertising
By Anika Gupta

In Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, an Absence of Malice

Historian Ronald C. White, Jr., explains why Lincoln's address, given just weeks before he died, was his greatest speech
By Ronald C. White, Jr.


2013年3月30日 星期六




  在迎接千禧年的前夕,回顧新潮文庫在大家的鞭策、支持與愛護下已經走過33 年-在歷史的長流中,33年雖然不算長,但可以使一個襁褓中的孩子成為社會的中堅,使壯年人進入圓熟退休階段的花甲之年。如今新潮文庫發行已逾400多 種,加上其他文庫系列,個數已逾600多種,本社,如果在引進西方思潮方面能稍盡棉薄之力,必須感謝創作這些經典作品的作者,為介紹這些書籍扮演橋梁工作 的譯者,以及無數長年來支持我們的忠實讀者…,經營文化出版事業,除了是一項企業,它同時也肩負著一種社會責任,所以我們不敢大意或鬆懈,也希望提供的產 品,能使讀者在閱讀之後受益,倘然,它有幸能成為你人生奮鬥階段中一個轉捩點、跳板或暗夜行路的一盞篝火或指標,這應該是從事文化工作者最大的酬報!   刊行的書籍包括文學、哲學、心理、禪學、傳記、電影、音樂及不同領域的經典作品或入門書。  讀者們可以通過這些書籍認識西方思潮幾百年來的重大變化與演 進,其中任何一本書

新潮文庫 特別有興趣



志文出版社台灣資 深的出版社之一,創立於1967年, 創辦人為張清吉。志文出版社前身為長榮書店,創辦於1963年, 原為一家出租與舊書交換的小書店,當時的常客有李敖秦賢次林衡哲等知識份子。除此之外也自行出版了《西洋幽默小品》、《二次大戰祕錄》及林語堂的散文集,並編錄《英語欣賞文庫》。後來經由林衡哲(當時尚在就讀台大醫學系)的勸說,並提供自行翻譯的《羅素回憶集》及《羅素傳》,使得張清吉開始下定決心讓出版社轉型。二書的出版成為志文「新潮文庫」的先 驅,受到廣大的迴響,更獲得了兩位台大哲學教授殷海光陳鼓應的肯定,甚至親自到出版社致意。因此,林衡哲介紹了許多同學一起加入譯書的行列,包括賴奇萬、林克明、廖運範、鄭 泰安、文榮光、楊庸一、符傳孝等人,譯書以心理學精神分析為主。主力譯者曹永洋則介紹了鍾肇政葉石濤鄭清文、楊耐冬等作家及翻譯家加入翻譯行列,顏元叔在老師黎烈文辭世後,將其所譯的法國文學介紹至志文出版社印行。後來曹永洋、楊耐冬與金溟若、李永熾、孟祥森、宋碧雲、莫渝等人,成為台灣翻譯界的中堅。顏元叔與其同事胡耀恆、王夢鷗、廖祥雄、陳玲玲所譯的新潮大學叢書,成為大學生及研究生的教本。主 力譯者蕭逢年(本名吳旺財,另有筆名齊霞飛、吳憶帆)獨立翻譯《莫泊桑短篇全集》,所譯的莫泊桑短篇〈項鍊〉更選為中學生國文課本的教材。
除了外國譯書,楊牧編選的「新潮叢書」則為志文出版社開創了本土作家的新局,當時的作者包括陳世驤徐道鄰夏濟安杜維明、顏元叔、林以亮葉維廉劉述先於梨華、楊牧等人,而劉大任則因為《紅土印象》被當時的政府列 為黑名單,其書也成為禁書
志文的「新潮文庫」是張清吉參考日本岩波書店「岩波文庫」的傳統,每本書都有作家的年譜及作家資料、創作背景及作者照片。「新潮文庫」引領台灣 1970、80年代尚為學生的知識份子,譯書廣羅了文學哲學心理禪學電影等領域,為當時封閉保守的台灣社會開啟一道知識的窗口。雖然不少譯書現今已經絕版,且其譯文上的錯 誤及漏譯時常為人所詬病,素樸的封面更敵不過現下台灣五花八門的出版品,並且隨着國際著作權法的嚴格規定,志文雖然仍在出書,但卻只有能力出版公共版權書籍。但就台灣早期的出版史而言,志文確實為最重要的出版社先驅 之一,而創辦人張清吉則被業界譽為「出版界的唐吉訶德」。

[編輯] 新潮文庫書目

[編輯] 新潮叢書書目

  • 劉述先《文化哲學的試探》
  • 劉大任《紅土印象》
  • 鍾玲《赤足在草地上》
  • 王文興《玩具手鎗》
  • 杜維明《三年的畜艾》
  • 夏濟安《夏濟安選集》
  • 施叔青《拾掇那些日子》(新版重印為《那些不毛的日子》)
  • 葉維廉《秩序的生長》
  • 殷允芃《中國人的光輝》
  • 葉珊《傳說》
  • 陳世驤《陳世驤文存》
  • 於梨華《會場現形記》
  • 韓國鐄《音樂的中國》
  • 顏元叔《文學經驗》
  • 梁實秋《看雲集》
  • 林以亮《林以亮論翻譯》
  • 鄭愁予《鄭愁予詩選集》
  • 陳芳明《鏡子和影子》
  • 劉述先《生命情調的抉擇》
  • 張永祥《秋決》
  • 楊牧《傳統的與現代的》
  • 徐道鄰《中國法制史論集》
  • 趙岡《紅樓夢論集》
  • 楊牧《瓶中稿》

[編輯] 參考資料

  • 高永謀〈出版界最後的本格派:志文出版社〉,封德屏主編《台灣人文出版社30家》(台北:文訊雜誌社,2008)
  • 楊牧〈「新潮叢書」始末〉,《柏克萊精神》(台北:洪範,1977)
  • 張清吉──資深出版家好書催生者

版本再版 初1974
出版地/出版者/出版年台北市/志文/民67 1978

杜蘅之 (1913-1997)撰《遊歐小品》等等

近日在二手書店買杜蘅之撰《遊歐小品》等二本.  看了很佩服  因為許多地方我也去過不過杜老師的文筆很好.

杜蘅之 浙江青田  1913年11月13-- 1997510

1966年我初二   在台中三中第一次讀到杜蘅之先生的文星版《遊歐小品》 (杜蘅之撰《遊歐小品》 臺北市: 文星書店, 民國55)
因為同學讀到巴黎男女青年邊走邊接吻的介紹  與我分享之


 1979年台視新聞  一分鐘  針對卡特的聲明之分析


《從法律看臺灣養女問題 杜衡之 臺灣養女制度與養女問題之研究  1970  pp. 23-32
《國際法大綱  》台灣商務印書館 1971初版1991再版 頁數:780
《中美關係與國際法/》杜衡之著.--再版.--台北市:商務, 71[1982]

1993 先生出版3本書


《國際法與中國 》 1993 聯經




杜蘅之(1913—1997),學名杜汝玖,浙江青田縣北山村人。 台中市東海大學政治學系教授兼文學院院長,台北市東吳大學政治學系主任兼法學院院長,美國奧斯汀大學客座教授。 國際法學專家。
杜蘅之,19131113日(農曆1016日)生,杭州私立之江大學政治系畢業,美國密歇根大學政治學碩士,法國巴黎大學法學博士。 19381月至1940年底,曾任中央陸軍軍官學校(黃埔軍校)成都本校第十五、十六期同中校教官,後任空軍總司令周至柔將軍的英文秘書,上校軍銜。 1949年隨軍去台,1957年調台灣省政府工作。 後任台中市私立東海大學政治學系教授兼文學院院長。 1964年及1968年出任聯合國教科文組織台灣中國代表團顧問。 1968年受聘美國夏威夷大學東西文化中心資深學者。 1972年及1974年,代表台灣出席亞洲國語會議,獲選亞洲國語協會副會長。 1975年受聘美國奧斯汀大學客座教授。东海大学教授、文学院院长杜蘅之- 陈木云的日志- 网易博客


杜蘅之[WorldCat Identities]

遊歐小品 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
4 editions published between 1966 and 1987 in Chinese and held by 34 libraries worldwide

A study of the treaties and agreements relating to Tibet; a documentary history of international relations of Tibet by Hêng-chih Tu ( Book )
2 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide

西藏法律地位之研究 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
1 edition published in 1966 in Chinese and held by 32 libraries worldwide

遊美小品 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
5 editions published between 1966 and 1981 in Chinese and held by 31 libraries worldwide

美國文學史 by Bartholow V Crawford ( Book )
5 editions published in 1958 in Chinese and held by 25 libraries worldwide

美洲地志 by Wallace Robert McConnell ( Book )
4 editions published in 1954 in Chinese and held by 25 libraries worldwide

中外條約關係之變遷 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1981 in Chinese and held by 25 libraries worldwide

美國與美國人 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published between 1966 and 1980 in Chinese and held by 24 libraries worldwide

國際法與中國 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1975 in Chinese and held by 23 libraries worldwide

中美新關係與國際法 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
4 editions published between 1981 and 1983 in Chinese and held by 21 libraries worldwide

美國史硏究 by Edward N Saveth ( Book )
in Chinese and held by 21 libraries worldwide

臺灣關係法及其他 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1984 in Chinese and held by 19 libraries worldwide

中美關係與國際法 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1979 in Chinese and held by 16 libraries worldwide

中美實質外交與其他國際法問題 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1988 in Chinese and held by 8 libraries worldwide

中國條約史大綱 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1974 in Chinese and held by 7 libraries worldwide

詩的本質 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published in 1940 in Chinese and held by 7 libraries worldwide

國際法之展望 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
1 edition published in 1976 in Chinese and held by 7 libraries worldwide

國際法 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
1 edition published in 1966 in Chinese and held by 6 libraries worldwide

美國與美國人 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
2 editions published between 1970 and 1972 in Chinese and held by 5 libraries worldwide

遊美小品. 第一集 by 杜蘅之 ( Book )
1 edition published in 1951 in Chinese and held by 5 libraries worldwide


杜蘅之 - 大成老旧刊全文数据库

詩的本質-杜蘅之-1940年版: 詩是什麼 4 詩的內容 13 詩的形式 27